Why Failure Can Be The Path To Success

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September marks the date that the aptly named Museum of Failure closes. It displayed more than 70 products and services from around the world. They included those from well-known brands such as a Harley-Davidson perfume, Bic for Her, the Apple Newton, Google Glass, and Kodak Digital Cameras.

We are all conditioned to laud, glorify and reward success. But it is, in fact, failure that teaches us far more. We learn all our basic skills – walking, talking, eating, riding a bike – from failing until we succeed. In fact, we never stop failing – and every time we do it breeds a better chance of success next time.

Many of the museum’s featured products represent brand over-extensions. Harley Davidson flopped with its “Hot Road” perfume – perhaps the “masculine fragrance with woody notes” was just a bit too leathery? And the “Bic for Her” range of pink pens provoked widespread online ridicule.

The Apple Newton may have been a product before its time, but the principles of an always on, always connected personal assistant to keep track of business and leisure is core in every one of the 41 million iPhones sold in Q3 2017. Google Glass was canned in 2015 but the augmented reality and virtual reality markets are still considered some of the hottest spaces in the current technology scene. Kodak ultimately failed in the digital photography market – but not before pioneering digital photography and creating the first million-pixel camera.

The point is that, while individual products might fail, the markets identified by these companies – mobile computing, digital photography, AR/VR – did not. True innovation requires learning from each failure—a skill that museum director Samuel West says, most companies fail to hone.

Brands will not always succeed, and products will fail. What is important is to encourage organisational cultures that respect both success and failure. There needs to be a principle of innovation, where new ideas are welcomed and challenge the status quo. By thinking outside the box and providing unique solutions, both customers and businesses will benefit.

Not every idea can succeed. Some will fizzle out, while others were never strong enough to begin with. Making mistakes can help to pave the way for future success.

The intended use of the Slinky, a popular children’s toy, was to keep fragile equipment steady on ships. Naval engineer Richard James developed the tool in 1943, but soon discovered its fun side when he knocked it off a table. Since then, the spring has found other uses – an antenna for soldiers in Vietnam and a therapy tool. The original concept was never realised, but the product found new life.

The idea for Post-it Notes was almost discarded completely. Inventor Spencer Silver was trying to develop a strong adhesive in 1968, and failed. He made an adhesive that would stick objects together, but could easily be pried apart. It took nearly ten years for today’s application of the sort-of-weak glue to be realised, but now we find it difficult to imagine an office without one.

We should not call these cases failures – failing would have been discarding the Post-it Note, or being too proud to see a new application for the Slinky. Instead, we should consider these cases research. If an organisation can cultivate the idea of success through failure, an environment can be created that learns how to turn failure into success.

Fake news worries ‘are growing’ suggests BBC poll

Fake News

There is growing concern among global net users about fake news online, according to a BBC World Service poll.

It also indicates mounting opposition to governments stepping in with regulation.

In the survey of 18 countries, 79% of respondents said they worried about what was fake and what was real on the internet.

But in only two countries, China and the UK, did a majority want their governments to regulate the internet.

The BBC carried out a similar survey in 2010.

Only 15 countries were covered by both polls. From this subset of respondents, 58% said the internet should never be regulated in the latest survey, up from 51% when the same question was asked seven years ago.

When it came to regulation, 67% of Chinese respondents now liked the idea, while opinion was more finely balanced in the UK, with 53% in favour.

The countries where people were most hostile to regulation were Greece with 84% and Nigeria, where 82% of people opposed the idea.

The survey of more than 16,000 adults was conducted by Globescan between January and April.

Hazy line

Concerns about what is real and what is not on the internet have mounted after a year in which the term fake news has become both commonplace and profitable, with false stories shared on Facebook earning their creators hefty sums through advertising.

Brazilians were most worried about the hazy line between the real and the fake, with 92% reporting some concern. In a number of other developing countries there was a high level of unease, with figures of 90% in Indonesia, 88% in Nigeria and 85% in Kenya.

Germany was the only nation surveyed where a narrow majority – 51% – said they were not worried about this issue. In the run-up to the country’s election there have been determined efforts in Germany to root out fake news.

Globescan’s chairman Doug Miller said: “These poll findings suggest that the era of ‘fake news’ may be as significant in reducing the credibility of on-line information as Edward Snowden’s 2013 National Security Agency (NSA) surveillance revelations were in reducing people’s comfort in expressing their opinions online.”

There is growing anxiety about expressing opinions online. In the 15 countries that have been regularly tracked in this poll, 53% felt unsafe doing this, compared to 49% in 2010.

But there was a marked difference between attitudes in the developed and developing world.

In Nigeria, Peru and China there were big majorities confident about expressing opinions, but in Europe and North America there was far more anxiety, with the French and the Greeks least likely to want to speak freely.

As global use of the internet grows, there also appears to be mounting enthusiasm for it to be seen as something to which everyone should be entitled. 53% of those questioned agreed that access to the internet should be a fundamental right, with much bigger majorities agreeing in Brazil, Greece and India.

The survey highlights some differences between men and women in attitudes to the internet. Men are still more likely to use it, with 78% saying they had been online in the last six months, compared to 71% of women.

And women were somewhat less likely than men to feel safe expressing their views online. That anxiety was most pronounced in developed countries. In France just 14% felt safe, whereas in the UK the figure was 36%, and in the USA 35%.

British women were also more concerned about fake content than men, and were more keen to see some regulation of the internet.

How the internet helped Labour at the general election

Co-founder of 'Who Targets Me', a browser plug-in that tracks how political parties target people with advertising on Facebook

The 2017 general election was the moment when the internet finally delivered on its long-awaited promise of having a big effect, both on how individual people voted and the overall outcome of the election.

A flood of young voters, many of whom had relatively low levels of political knowledge, used the internet to get news about the general election. This was crucial for boosting support for Labour and Jeremy Corbyn, according to new research on the dynamics of the 2017 vote.

In recent years, there has been talk about the power of the internet to affect elections. Ahead of the 2017 general election, some pointed to a growth of pro-Labour websites and online forums as a potentially powerful weapon in Labour’s arsenal.

Our study is one of the first to document how this online activity really did help Jeremy Corbyn and his party.

We’ve found that those who used the internet to get news about the general election were far more likely to have voted Labour. And we observed that those who used the internet less often to gather political news and information were much more likely to vote Conservative.

This relationship is true for the entire electorate and across all age groups.

And it continues to have a strong and positive effect on how people voted, even after we take into account a whole range of factors including age, gender, social class, party identification, how people voted in the referendum and levels of education.

Overall, among all respondents, our research suggests that 16% used the internet “a great deal” to get information about the election, 23% used it “a fair amount”, 23% “not very much” and 38% “not at all” or said they did not know.

However, those who use the internet more often were significantly more likely to vote Labour. Sixty-one per cent of those who used the internet “a great deal” to gather news about the general election opted for Labour, compared with only 21% who voted Conservative.

Conversely, 56% who said they used the internet “not at all” voted Conservative, while 30% opted for Labour.

How much people use the internet also correlates with voting patterns among older people. Again, those who said they use the internet a great deal were strongly pro-Labour and pro-Jeremy Corbyn.

These effects involve a combination of two factors: “mobilisation” (things that influence people to turn out and vote) and “persuasion” (things that influence their choice of party). Turnout among people aged 18-29 was up by an estimated 19% on the previous general election in 2015.

Our data shows that both the decision to vote and the choices these young people made at the polls were associated with the volume of news about the election that they consumed online.

Another effect that we find relates to how knowledgeable people are about politics. In our surveys, we tested people’s political knowledge by asking if eight randomly selected statements were true or false and then counted the number of correct answers.

The statements included assertions like: “The minimum voting age for UK general elections is now 16 years of age,” and “The chancellor of the Exchequer is responsible for setting interest rates in the UK.”

Though internet usage and political knowledge are only slightly linked, it is clear that, after rigorous statistical tests, how knowledgeable people are about politics had significant effects on how they voted.

If survey respondents were frequent internet users but did not know much about politics they tended to vote Labour. In contrast, if they weren’t internet savvy but knew a fair bit about politics, they tended to vote Conservative.

These effects held across all age groups for both Labour and the Conservatives, with the exception of pensioners in the case of the Tories. This means that those effects weren’t caused by the age of the respondent, which at first sight is the obvious explanation for differences in internet usage among the voters.

Put simply, political knowledge continues to have a strong effect on Labour and Conservative voting even after we take statistical account of all of “the usual suspects” that are used to explain voting – such as social class, age, gender income, people’s “left-right” placement and how they voted in the 2016 referendum.

The effects of internet usage and political knowledge work strongly through voters’ images of the party leaders. Even after we take account of a whole host of other things, like age and income, people with low political knowledge who used the internet to get their election news tended to like Jeremy Corbyn and dislike Theresa May.

For example, among those who said they used the internet “a great deal”, the average score for Jeremy Corbyn on a 0 (“really dislike”) to 10 (“really like”) scale is 6.4, whereas among those who said they did not use the internet at all, his average score is much lower, only 3.4.

The pattern for Theresa May is the opposite: her average score among those who used the internet a great deal is 2.9, whereas among those who did not use the net, her average is considerably higher, at 5.3.

For Jeremy Corbyn, political knowledge, the survey suggests, has a negative effect on feelings about the Labour leader while internet usage has a positive effect. For Theresa May, political knowledge has a positive effect on feelings about the Conservative Party leader while internet usage has a negative effect.

In contrast, people with high political knowledge who did not use the internet for general election news liked Mrs May and disliked Mr Corbyn.

About this piece

This analysis piece was commissioned by the BBC from experts working for outside organisations.

New BMW X2 SUV: teased at Milan Fashion Week ahead of 2018 launch

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We get another look at BMW’s new sporty X2 crossover’s shape before it hits the showrooms in 2018

The new BMW X2 has been shown-off again with a camouflaged car doing the rounds at Milan Fashion Week.

We’ve already seen plenty of spy shots of the forthcoming BMW X2with the most recent images revealing more of the roof line of the sporty new crossover. While the X2 will share its running gear with the X1, as well as the 2 Series Active Tourer and MINI Countryman, the newcomer will get a sportier look, with a swept-back windscreen and a smaller glass area than the more upright X1.

With a pared back diguise, it’s clear that the rear windows taper towards the back of the car, where the high-set tail-lights and small rear windscreen add to the sporty look.

Our spies also managed to get a glimpse of the interior, where BMW’s iDrive controller, a three-spoke steering wheel and the X1’s infotainment screen and climate controls were clearly visible, and it’s apparent that the X2’s interior won’t be a radical departure from the rest of the range.

The X2 is scheduled to appear in 2018, and it will slot into BMW’s crossover range between the X1 and X3. It will share its platform with the X1, so it will use the front-wheel-drive UKL structure also found under the 2 Series MPV and MINI Countryman. However, like top-spec versions of all these cars, xDrive four-wheel drive will be available.

These latest spy shots follow the leak earlier this year of renderings submitted to Japanese patent authorities that revealed the all-new member of BMW’s ‘X’ line-up of SUVs goes on sale in 2018.

Looking side on, the production X2 carries over a near identical profile, boasting the same lines and window openings – even the badge on the C-pillar will be carried over for production.

Changes at the rear are a bit more noticeable. The large, chunky bash plate of the concept, along with its two exhaust exits, has been changed. Instead a smaller skid plate is present, while basic models will get a modest single exhaust poking out of the rear. The taillights have also swollen in size.

The leaked renders complement the spy shots we’ve published of the X2, including pictures of this recent sighting at the Nurburgring. The race track location and sporty, low profile tyres strongly suggest that BMW is already hard at work prepping a performance variant of the X2.

The most basic versions of the new  X2 will share the X1’s petrol and diesel engines, which means all will be turbocharged and have four cylinders. While there may be a front-drive sDrive18d, most X2s will use xDrive four-wheel drive. 

The sportier M-developed high-performance version, which could be pictured here may be powered by an uprated version of the 2.0-litre petrol engine, and the car could carry the BMW M25i badge. 

We’ll see the finished X2 production car at the end of 2017, ahead of deliveries in 2018. Prices are expected to start at just under £30,000 to position the car between the current X1 and an all-new BMW X3, due for launch in mid-2017. 

The X2 will be the third Sports Activity Coupe to be launched by BMW, following on from the larger X6 and X4, although the Concept X2 does have a more practical look about it.

According to design boss Adrian van Hooydonk, the Concept X2 is designed as a vehicle that “combines enjoyment with practicality”, while Head of Design Karim Habib highlighted that the car “combines the fast-moving body languge and low-slung proportions of a coupe with the robust construction of an X model”.

Up front, there’s a large kidney grille flanked by slender headlights with a unique LED running light signature, while the big front bumper and silver lower trim give it a rugged SUV look. Further back, the low roof line and narrow windows are where the Concept X2 delivers on the coupe design cues, although it’s more like a hatch than sports car.

There are sharply angled C-pillars featuring BMW’s signature Hofmeister kink and a BMW roundel, which is a nod to sports cars such as the BMW CSL, which featured badges in the same place.

Wide wheelarches add some muscle, while the vast 21-inch wheels complete the car’s profile. At the back, the raked tailgate isn’t quite like the hatchback rear ends found on an X6 or X4, so the X2 should add more practicality despite its sleek styling.

From the rear, the Concept X2 features a centrally mounted BMW badge flanked by slender tail-lights, while the number plate is set into the bumper, similar in style to the BMW 1 Series hatch.

The Concept X2 is purely an exterior study with its blacked-out windows, but the production model is very likely to use the same cabin layout as the firm’s X1. The production version will be based on that car’s UKL2 platform that also underpins the firm’s 2 Series Active and Gran Tourer MPVs. This means that the X2 will be the fourth front-wheel drive BMW to join the line-up.

Are Samsung’s Smart TVs really spying on you?


Remember when Microsoft revealed Kinect would quietly listen to everything you said, causing the internet to erupt into furious, anti-Orwellian storm? Now it’s Samsung’s turn.

A passage from the company’s Smart TV privacy policy has been doing the rounds, revealing a small but concerning detail: “Please be aware that if your spoken words include personal or other sensitive information, that information will be among the data captured and transmitted to a third party through your use of Voice Recognition.”

The idea of our personal information being captured by any sort of technology should make anyone uncomfortable, but it’s that mention of a “third party” which is most disconcerting.

However, Samsung has tried to offer some reassurance. It told TechRadar it “does not retain voice data or sell it to third parties”.

“If a consumer consents and uses the voice recognition feature, voice data is provided to a third party during a requested voice command search. At that time, the voice data is sent to a server, which searches for the requested content then returns the desired content to the TV.”

Privacy party

It added: “Samsung takes consumer privacy very seriously. In all of our Smart TVs we employ industry-standard security safeguards and practices, including data encryption, to secure consumers’ personal information and prevent unauthorized collection or use.”

The company added that you’ll know if the voice recognition feature is active because a microphone icon will be present on the screen. Samsung also reminds us that the feature can be activated or deactivated by the user.

And of course, the TV owner can also disconnect the TV from the Wi-Fi network entirely, although that somewhat defeats the point of having a smart television.

That might help some people sleep more soundly at night, but as the Internet of Things starts to consume our daily lives, this certainly won’t be the last (or the worst) privacy scare.

MOT exemption for cars over 40 years old arrives in May 2018

MOT exemption for cars over 40 years old arrives in May 2018

The Department for Transport has announced that classic cars more than 40 years old will be exempt from MOT testing, with owners voluntarily electing for an MOT if they feel their car needs one.

Currently, only cars from before 1960 are exempt, which represents 197,000 cars on UK roads. The new rules will exempt a further 293,000 cars from MOTs.

The thinking behind the decision, according to the DfT, is that these cars are “usually maintained in good condition and used on few occasions”. The decision also eases concerns that garages may not be adequately testing cars over this age, as the modern MOT applies less to cars of this age.

The new date would also bring the age of cars exempt from MOTs in line with the exemption of road tax. The Government dismissed concerns that these cars pose a greater risk of failure than modern ones; cars registered in the interim period between the old exemption and the upcoming exemption have a substantially lower rate of failure than the national average.

“We consider the element of risk arising from taking vehicles over 40 years old out of the testing regime is small. The option for owners to submit their vehicles to a voluntary MOT test will remain and they will still, like all vehicle owners, need to ensure that they meet the legal requirement of keeping their vehicle in a roadworthy condition at all time.”

Of the 2217 respondents consulted for the proposal, more than half supported the suggested annual or biennial roadworthiness test for 40-year-old vehicles, checking the cars’ identity, brakes, steering, tyres and lights. The DfT has rejected this approach, saying: “Those owners who feel an annual check is needed will be able to submit their vehicles for a voluntary MOT.”

A stronger majority voted against exemption of vehicles aged 30 years or older from MOT tests; the DfT sided with the consultation on this proposal, citing accident data as well as the strong negative reaction from the public to this suggestion.

MLB power rankings: Indians hold top spot; Diamondbacks remain strong


The 22-game winning streak may be over.

But the Cleveland Indians captured their second straight AL Central title and claimed No. 1 spot in USA TODAY Sports’ baseball power rankings for the second consecutive week.

With two weeks remaining in the regular season schedule, the Indians hold a two-game lead over the Houston Astros for home field advantage.

Meanwhile. it appears the Los Angeles Dodgers righted the ship, winning two of three against the Washington Nationals in what could be a preview of the NL Championship.

From 1 to 30, how they stack up based on voting from our 10-person panel:


1. Cleveland Indians: —

►Streak may be over, but Tribe can still reach 100 wins for the second time since 1954.

2. Los Angeles Dodgers: 

►Now, on to the hard questions, like: Who pitches in October?

3. Houston Astros: +1

►Division in hand, top task now: Avoid Chris Sale in a best-of-5.

4. Washington Nationals: -1

►Bryce Harper would mean so much to the offense.


5. Arizona Diamondbacks: —

►J.D. Martinez can’t stop hitting home runs.

6. Boston Red Sox: —

►The last time David Price was a reliever, Rays went to World Series.

7. Chicago Cubs: +1

►About to get Addison Russell back.

8. New York Yankees: -1

►Aaron Judge: Still good.

9. Colorado Rockies: —

►Who says a leadoff hitter, Charlie Blackmon, can’t drive in 100 runs?

10. Minnesota Twins: +1

►Byron Buxton: Best second half since Patriots trailed 28-3.

11. Milwaukee Brewers: -1

►Going to get one more shot at the Cubs.

12. Los Angeles Angels: +1

►Can patchwork pitching staff limp into playoffs?

13. St. Louis Cardinals: -1

►Only question now is how significant off-season shakeup will be.

14. Seattle Mariners: +3

►Starting pitchers averaging just 5 1/3 innings per outing.

15. Texas Rangers: —

►Joey Gallo is going to hit 40 home runs, just as everyone envisioned.

16. Kansas City Royals: 

►Eric Hosmer taking a career-best .389 OBP, .897 OPS into free agency.

17. Tampa Bay Rays: +1

►Alex Cobb will be rare Rays pillar who makes it to free agency without getting traded.

18. Baltimore Orioles:  -4

►2-8 road trip doomed wild card hopes.

19. Toronto Blue Jays: +2

►Three straight 30-homer seasons for Josh Donaldson.

20. Miami Marlins: +1

►Giancarlo Stanton on pace for 59 homers; can he make it 60?

21. Pittsburgh Pirates: -1

►17-28 since Aug. 1. Off-season re-tooling ahead?

22. Atlanta Braves: —

►Averaging 30,000 per game at new stadium; drew 25,000 a night at Turner Field.

23. Oakland Athletics: +2

►Now the Moneyball A’s don’t even have AL consecutive wins record.

24. San Diego Padres: -1

►Raise your hand if you thought patchwork rotation would have better ERA (4.75) than Mets (5.13).

25. New York Mets: -1

►Should Noah Syndergaard bother returning this season?

26. Cincinnati Reds: —

►No. 2 overall pick Hunter Greene says pitching is ‘primary focus,’ not shortstop.

27. Detroit Tigers: —

►Matt Boyd’s near no-hitter bright spot in dreary September.

28. Chicago White Sox: —

►Hey, manager Rick Renteria leads the majors in ejections (7).

29. Philadelphia Phillies: +1

►Rhys Hoskins or Carson Wentz?

30. San Francisco Giants: -1

►Will finish season as only team without a 20-home run hitter.

Gallery: MLB photo of the day

MLB series to watch: Twins-Yankees, Brewers-Cubs clashes loom large as races stay hot


The final two weeks of September figured to be crucial for teams like the Boston Red Sox and Chicago Cubs in their attempts to solidify division leads. The Minnesota Twins and Milwaukee Brewers, on the other hand, seemed more likely to be taking a look at their prospects at this time of year.

The standings tell a different story. The Twins are stubbornly holding on to a wild-card spot in the American League, while the Brewers refuse to go away despite losing top starter Jimmy Nelson to a shoulder injury.

Both clubs play fellow contenders this week. Here’s a look at those series and two others that may have the most impact on the playoff races:

Twins at New York Yankees: These teams have barely seen each other all season, meeting only three times before Monday’s opener of a three-game set. All the games will be televised nationally, and Monday’s holds special interest because Yankees starter Jaime Garcia was a Twin for all of one start in July – a winning effort – before they shipped him to New York in a move that appeared to indicate Minnesota was not serious about contending.

Yet here the Twins are, facing a difficult path to the playoffs with only three home games in the final 13, but very much in the middle of the action. Minnesota hopes to get third baseman Miguel Sano back from a stress reaction in his left shin by the end of its 10-game trip, but it won’t be in time to face the Yankees.

New York hasn’t given up on catching the Red Sox in the AL East, but at the very least the club is positioned to host the wild-card game, as it holds a four-game edge over Minnesota. With shortstop Didi Gregorius on fire at the plate and Aaron Judge hitting tape-measure homers again, the Yankees have won seven of their last nine to keep the heat on Boston. CC Sabathia and Masahiro Tanaka will follow Garcia on the rotation.

Cubs at Brewers: After a two-game visit to Tampa Bay, where Cubs manager Joe Maddon spent nine seasons at the helm of the Rays, the Cubs face their two closest NL Central pursuers for eight games, all on the road. The challenging stretch begins Thursday with the first of four games at Milwaukee’s Miller Park before Chicago concludes the trip in St. Louis.

The Cubs were outscored 20-3 while getting swept in a three-game series the last time these teams met 10 days ago, but bounced back to rip off six consecutive wins, extending the streak with Sunday’s 4-3 victory over the St. Louis Cardinals. Jake Arrieta, who has been out since straining his right hamstring Sept. 4, could return to face the Brewers.

Nelson’s absence and Matt Garza’s ineffectiveness have forced the Brewers into scramble mode. On Friday, Jeremy Jeffress started for the first time in his career after 263 relief appearances as part of Milwaukee’s attempt to fill some rotation spots with “bullpen games.’’

“The season is not a long-term season right now. It’s a two-week season,’’ said manager Craig Counsell, whose club is three games back in the wild card and four in the division. “Guys are going to have to do a little more over the next two weeks, and that’s how we’re going to treat it.’’

Cleveland Indians at Los Angeles Angels: The Indians were so torn up over the end of their 22-game winning streak Friday, they took the next two games against the Kansas City Royals – so they’re on a 24-1 run – and claimed their second AL Central crown in a row.

So there’s little for them to worry about the rest of the way other than making a push for the best record in the league and home-field advantage throughout the AL playoffs – they’re neck-and-neck with the Houston Astros – and setting their postseason rotation.

For the Angels, though, the next two weeks represent a chance to send Mike Trout to the playoffs for just the second time in his decorated seven-year career. Trout is trying to mount a case for a repeat MVP award despite missing 39 games with a thumb injury. His 1.090 on-base plus slugging percentage would lead the league if he had enough plate appearances to qualify.

Trout is getting some help from August acquisition Justin Upton, who homered twice Saturday.

Angels at Astros: Like the Indians, Houston took care of business at home over the weekend, clinching its first division title as a member of the AL West, which it joined in 2013. The Astros’ first-round opponent in October could be the Angels, adding intrigue to their weekend matchup. Houston has already won the season series 10-6.

The Angels, who trail the Twins by two games for the second wild card, have gotten a recent boost from their rotation, with Tyler Skaggs, Parker Bridwell and Garrett Richards delivering strong performances in their last outings. Richards and Skaggs are scheduled to start at Minute Maid Park.

GALLERY: Postseason celebration time

NFL still confident in Los Angeles market despite attendance for Rams, Chargers games

The optics of the NFL’s first Sunday with two home games in Los Angeles in more than 20 years were undeniably bad.

The Chargers failed to sell out their first home game in the StubHub Center, a 27,000-seat stadium most notably used for Major League Soccer, while the Rams announced an official attendance of 56,612 for their home game against Washington at the Coliseum.

An NFL spokesman on Monday said the league and officials from both teams “remain confident” about the Los Angeles market moving forward.

“To a person, both at the club level and here at the league office, we remain confident that the city of Los Angeles can support in a very strong way two franchises, and we’re committed to making that happen as we work toward the opening of the new stadium,” spokesman Joe Lockhart told reporters on a conference call.

The Rams and Chargers will share a new stadium at Hollywood Park starting in 2020. That stadium is expected to have a capacity of about 70,000 for NFL games, but can be expanded for other events, including the 2028 Olympic Games.

The Chargers’ struggles to sell tickets are especially notable, given the small size of the StubHub Center, the gamble the team took on hoping fans from San Diego and Orange County would follow the team after the relocation and the strong presence of visiting fans during the home opener against the Miami Dolphins, a team not known for a massive West Coast fan base.

The Chargers host their first AFC West game against the Kansas City Chiefs on Sunday.

“They knew going in this wasn’t a one game or a one-year solution, where they could just turn the light on and expect the type of support they are very confident they’re going to get as they move to the opening of the new stadium,” Lockhart said.

Angelique Kerber ousts local favorite Naomi Osaka at Pan-Pacific Open

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Seventh-seeded Angelique Kerber of Germany got a measure of revenge for a U.S. Open loss by beating Naomi Osaka 6-3, 6-4 on Monday to advance to the second round of the Pan-Pacific Open.

Last month, Kerber was knocked out of the U.S. Open by the Japanese teenager in straight sets.

“It’s always tough to play against her,” Kerber said. “I was trying to come out here and really focus on every single point and make it better than last time. … She’s a great player and a tough opponent. For sure she will have great success in the future.”

Osaka lost to Caroline Wozniacki in the final of last year’s tournament

Kerber will play either Madison Brengle or Daria Kasatkina in the next round.

Also, wild card Kurumi Nara of Japan overcame a slow start to oust Yulia Putintseva of Kazakhstan 2-6, 6-4, 6-2, while China’s Wang Qiang beat Kristina Mladenovic of France 6-0, 6-0.

Meanwhile, organizers announced that Agnieszka Radwanska, a two-time tournament champion, has pulled out due to a virus. The 11th-ranked Pole was seeded sixth.